Quick Answer: Which Of The Following Is An Example Of Stochastic Effects?

What is the most common form of a stochastic effect?

Effects that occur by chance and which may occur without a threshold level of dose, whose probability is proportional to the dose and whose severity is independent of the dose.

In the context of radiation protection, the main stochastic effect is cancer..

What is the difference between deterministic and stochastic effects?

Deterministic effects describe a cause and effect relationship between ionizing radiation and certain side-effects. They are also known as non-stochastic effects to contrast them with chance-like stochastic effects (e.g. cancer induction).

Are some people more sensitive to radiation?

Some people are more sensitive to harmful effects of radiation than others. There are a number of factors that influence an individual’s sensitivity to radiation. These factors include age, gender, other exposures and genetic factors. Age – In general, exposed children are more at risk than adults.

Which organ is most radiosensitive?

The digestive tract is among the most radiosensitive organs in the body and its function, which is partly regulated by gastrointestinal (GI) peptides, can be affected by radiation exposure.

What are somatic deterministic effects?

Deterministic effects describe a cause and effect relationship between ionising radiation and certain side-effects. They are also known as non-stochastic effects to contrast them with chance-like stochastic effects (e.g. cancer induction).

What is non stochastic?

A non-random (deterministic, non-stochastic variable) is one whose value is known ahead of time or one whose past value is known. EX: Tomorrow’s date, yesterday’s temperature.

What is stochastic effect?

Stochastic effect is those effect which occur when a person. receives a high dose of radiation. These effects have an increase probability of occurrence with increase dose. There is no threshold dose below which is creatively certain that a stochastic effect cannot occur.

What tissues are most sensitive to radiation?

Amongst the body cells, the most sensitive are spermatogonia and erythroblasts, epidermal stem cells, gastrointestinal stem cells. The least sensitive are nerve cells and muscle fibers. Very sensitive cells are also oocytes and lymphocytes, although they are resting cells and do not meet the criteria described above.

What does stochastic mean?

Stochastic refers to a randomly determined process. The word first appeared in English to describe a mathematical object called a stochastic process, but now in mathematics the terms stochastic process and random process are considered interchangeable.

What is the difference between stochastic and Nonstochastic?

Stochastic effects have been defined as those for which the probability increases with dose, without a threshold. Nonstochastic effects are those for which incidence and severity depends on dose, but for which there is a threshold dose. These definitions suggest that the two types of effects are not related.

What organs are affected by radiation?

Let’s do a head-to-toe walk-through to investigate how high doses of radiation can damage the human body.Brain. Nerve cells (neurons) and brain blood vessels can die, leading to seizures.Eyes. Radiation exposure increases the risk of cataracts.Thyroid. … Lungs. … Heart. … GI tract. … Reproductive organs. … Skin.More items…•

What is non stochastic effect of radiation?

Nonstochastic effects typically result when very large dosages of radiation are received in a short amount of time. … Examples of nonstochastic effects include erythema (skin reddening), skin and tissue burns, cataract formation, sterility, radiation sickness and death.